How To Wait For Page To Load/Ready In Selenium WebDriver

Generally selenium WebDriver handles software app's page loading or wait for page to load by It self If you have used Implicit Wait In your software automation test. But many on development sites have a page loading Issues and It Is taking more or less time for page to load on every software test iteration. So some times your test will run without any Issue and some times It will be unable to found some elements due to the page loading Issue.

I have a solution for such Issue If any one facing It. We can use bellow given javascript syntax In our software automation test to check (loading) status of page. It will return "complete" when page Is loaded completely.

We have already learnt how to execute javascript In selenium software automation test earlier.You will find few of the examples on THIS LINK. Javascript execution syntax to get page loading status In webdriver Is as bellow. It will check Page ready status for us.

JavascriptExecutor js = (JavascriptExecutor)driver;
js.executeScript("return document.readyState").toString().equals("complete");

So we can check page ready status after every 1 second using for loop as shown In bellow example.
Once page Is ready, It will start taking actions on page.
package Testing_Pack;

import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.JavascriptExecutor;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;
import org.testng.annotations.BeforeTest;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;

public class checkPageReady {
 WebDriver driver;
 public void setup() throws Exception {
  driver = new FirefoxDriver();
  driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(5, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
 public void calc() {
  //Call this function to wait for page to ready.
  //Once page Is ready/loaded, Bellow given steps will be executed.

 public void checkPageIsReady() {
  JavascriptExecutor js = (JavascriptExecutor)driver;
  //Initially bellow given if condition will check ready state of page.
  if (js.executeScript("return document.readyState").toString().equals("complete")){ 
   System.out.println("Page Is loaded.");
  //This loop will rotate for 25 times to check If page Is ready after every 1 second.
  //You can replace your value with 25 If you wants to Increase or decrease wait time.
  for (int i=0; i<25; i++){ 
   try {
    }catch (InterruptedException e) {} 
   //To check page ready state.
   if (js.executeScript("return document.readyState").toString().equals("complete")){ 

This way, You can check or wait for page to load In selenium webdriver software automation test.


  1. how to control the speed of test script step execution.i want my each step of script should execute slow.

    1. did you find anything as i am looking for same thing but not able to find !

  2. Instead of for loop,after java script executor, go for Webdriver waits, we can make use of wait.until(ExpectedConditions.Elementtobeclickable) etc

  3. Program worked fine and logic is good

    I am not able to understand why we have just put Thread.sleep in try block without the if condition for javascript?

    Catch condition will only run when there is an exception. and is there a reason that thread.sleep(1000) will throw exception and code in the catch part will execute ?

  4. Worked for me. Just make sure to use it at the right time. I had to modify my code and add a wait for element to be present and then run the checkPageisReady() and then press the button.

  5. Not bullet proof. E.g won't work if the page has ajax and you need to work with those elements.

  6. useless .. not working at all

  7. java.lang.NullPointerException