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Vector Class In Java

  • Vector class in java implements List interface of collection framework.
  • Vector class is synchronized.
  • If you don't know size of array then you can use vector class as size of vector can grow and shrink as per adding and removing items.
  • As vector class is synchronized, It will give poor performance on add, delete, update and search operations.
  • Elements of vector can be accessed using it's integer index.
vector class hierarchy in java

Important method of vector class
  • void addElement(Object element) : It will add specified element at end of vector.
  • int capacity() : It will return the current capacity of vector.
  • int size() : This method will return current size of vector.
  • void setSize(int size) : It will set size of vector using given size value.
  • boolean contains(Object element) : It will return true if specified element present in vector. Else it will return false.
  • boolean containsAll(Collection c) : It will return true if vector contains all values of given collection c.
  • Object elementAt(int index) : It will return element which is located at specified index of vector.
  • Object firstElement() : It will return first element of vector.
  • Object lastElement() : It will return last element of vector.
  • Object get(int index) : It will return element located at the specified index of vector.
  • boolean isEmpty() : It will return true if vector is empty.
  • boolean removeElement(Object element) : It will remove given element from vector.
  • boolean removeAll(Collection c) : It will remove all elements of collection c from vector.
  • void setElementAt(Object element, int index) : It will set specified element at given index of vector.
Bellow given sample program will show you how to use vector class and it's different methods.

Vector class example
package JAVAExamples;

import java.util.Enumeration;
import java.util.Vector;

public class VectorExample {
 public static void main(String args[]) {
  //Initial vector capacity is 2. Increment it by 2 when required.
  Vector v = new Vector(2,2);
  System.out.println("Initial capacity of vector : "+v.capacity());
  v.addElement("one");
  v.addElement("two");
  v.addElement("three");  
  System.out.println("Capacity of vector after adding 3 elements in vector : "+v.capacity());

  //Get size of vector.
  System.out.println("Size of vector : "+v.size());

  //Get first element of vector.
  System.out.println("First element of vector : "+v.firstElement());
  
  //Get last element of vector.
  System.out.println("Last element of vector : "+v.lastElement());
  
  //Add new element in vector.
  v.add(2, "New Element");
  
  //Print all elements of vector using Enumeration.
  Enumeration vEnum = v.elements();
  System.out.print("Current vector elements : ");
  while(vEnum.hasMoreElements()){
   System.out.print(vEnum.nextElement() + ", ");
  }
  
  System.out.println();
  
  //Check if vector is empty.
  System.out.println("Vector is empty? : "+v.isEmpty());  
 }
}

Output :
Initial capacity of vector : 2
Capacity of vector after adding 3 elements in vector : 4
Size of vector : 3
First element of vector : one
Last element of vector : three
Current vector elements : one, two, New Element, three, 
Vector is empty? : false

Above example shows you usage of mostly used methods of vector class.

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